On the back of his third expedition, John McDouall Stuart commenced his fourth expedition from Chambers Creek.

Stuart was accompanied by William Darton Kekwick and Benjamin Head, and took 13 horses.

The party proceeded to the centre of the continent, raising the flag on Central Mount Stuart.

Stuart's party then headed north beyond Tennant Creek where the Warramunga men mounted a skillful attack.

This attack, along with depleted rations, scarcity of water and failing health, forced the party to return the 2400km to Adelaide.